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1580 dover straits earthquake

Shaking was reported throughout the Southern, Midwestern, and Northeastern United States. At 7:09 AM MDT on March 18, 2020, a 5.7 magnitude earthquake hit Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, with an epicenter 6 km (3.7 mi) north-northeast of Magna, Utah. There were aftershocks. 1580 Dover Straits earthquake 1884 Colchester earthquake 1931 Dogger Bank earthquake 1990 Bishop's Castle earthquake 2008 Market Rasen earthquake. Seismic intensity scales categorize the intensity or severity of ground shaking (quaking) at a given location, such as resulting from an earthquake. In Sandwich, St Mary’s resounded with a loud crack. google_ad_width = 728; It was centred at a depth of 7 km (4.3 mi), about 5 km (3 mi) south-east of Christchurch, which had previously been devastated by a magnitude 6.2 MW earthquake in February 2011. It occurred about 6 o'clock in the evening. At Sandwich a loud noise emanated from the Channel, as church arches cracked and the gable end of a transept fell at St Peter's Church. 1580 Dover Straits This 5.8 magnitude quake is supposedly referred to in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. The 1950 Assam–Tibet earthquake, also known as the Assam earthquake, occurred on 15 August and had a moment magnitude of 8.6. google_ad_width = 160; Deeper earthquakes also have less interaction with the surface, and their energy is spread out across a larger volume. Such maps help to identify earthquake epicenters, particularly where no instrumental records exist, such as for historical earthquakes. [4]. Windows cracked in the cathedral of Notre Dame at Pontoise, and blocks of stone dropped ominously from the vaulting. Such a quake is long overdue after the last one occurred on April 6 1580, said seismologist Dr Roger Musson. of maximum reported damage. Historical earthquakes studies on the earthquake with maps and macroseismic intensities. There was also previously an earthquake of the same magnitude in 1382. Dover Straits earthquake of 1580 Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the Dover Straits earthquake of 6 April 1580 appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. The 2020 Central Idaho Earthquake occurred on March 31, 2020, at 5:52 PM MDT in the Western United States, near Ruffneck Peak in the Sawtooth Mountains in Central Idaho, 72 miles (116 km) northeast of Boise, Idaho and 19 miles (31 km) northwest of Stanley, Idaho. In London, half a dozen chimney stacks came down and a pinnacle on Westminster Abbey; two children were killed by stones falling from the roof of Christ's Church Hospital. Some of these intermediate outlying areas reported V (Moderate) to VII shaking, but intensities as high as IV (Light) were reported as far distant as Idaho and Montana. Remember Me. James Yates, "Verses written for a requisite remembrance of the earth quake which happened on Wednesday the 6. of April. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, [2] the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. 1580. between 5. and 6. of the clocke at night of the same day". The 1382 Dover Straits earthquake occurred at 15:00 on 21 May. The 1887 Tombstone Arizona newspapers mentioned lesser quakes (aftershocks) on August 27, 1887, and November 11, 1887. And a praier for the appeasing of Gods wrath and indignation. Moment tensor solution (top left) calculated using UK and regional broadband data (right).          Political / Social. The 2016 Ecuador earthquake occurred on April 16 at 18:58:37 ECT with a moment magnitude of 7.8 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). Google Map. Fact 16: In Sir William Davenant’s 1662 adaptation of Romeo and Juliet, a woman finally played the role of Juliet. 6 April 1580 earthquake in Dover Straits. The Dover Straits earthquake, which occurred on April 6, 1580, was the subject of a letter from Gabriel Harvey to the poet Edmund Spenser.The following excerpt appears in an article by Douglas Northrop in Philological Quarterly:. At Dover itself, a piece of the cliffs fell, and so did part of the castle wall. English writer Thomas Churchyard, then aged 60, was in London when the quake struck and he drafted an immediate account which was published two days later. This is one of the most celebrated of all British earthquakes, supposedly alluded to by Shakespeare in Romeo and Juliet. ; 6 July – new building banned within three miles of the City of London. The “London” earthquake of 1580, April 6. Listen to the audio pronunciation of 1580 Dover Straits earthquake on pronouncekiwi. At least 676 people were killed and 16,600 people injured. [8] There was damage far inland, in Cambridgeshire; stones fell from the Ely Cathedral. 50% (1/1) Salop County of Shropshire Shropshire, England. The 2017 Batangas earthquakes were an earthquake swarm that occurred from early April to mid-August 2017, affecting the province of Batangas in the Philippines and other nearby areas. It was Nevada’s largest earthquake in 66 years. Its effects started to be felt in London at around six o'clock in the evening of 6 April 1580, being Wednesday in the Easter week. BGS, Earth Hazards and Systems, Internal Report OR/08/049, 90 pp. Many deaths were reported from Saint-Amand-les-Eaux. Reproduction Date: Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare,[1] the Dover Straits earthquake of 6 April 1580 appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Based on contemporary reports of damage, the epicentre is thought to have been in the Straits of Dover. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article The 2007 Kent earthquake was initially thought to have occurred in the Dover Straits, but later analysis showed it to have occurred directly under the town of Folkestone in Kent. They also contain important information on ground conditions at particular locations, the underlying geology, radiation pattern of the seismic waves, and the response of different types of buildings. Two later quakes in the Dover Strait, in 1776 and 1950, both thought to be around magnitude 4, were noted in the 1984 compilation by R.M.W. Author links open overlay panel G ... by the aftershocks and the spatial distribution of intensities show that the epicentre probably lay offshore in the Straits of Dover. Stones fell from buildings in Arras, Douai, Béthune and Rouen. At Beauvais the bells rang as though sounding the tocsin. President Rafael Correa declared a state of emergency; 13,500 military personnel and police officers were dispatched for recovery operations. On 6 April 1580 a 5.8 magnitude earthquake occurred with its epicentre on the sea bed close to Calais. Damage to the rest of the town though was surprisingly light. Fact 15: In the story, Juliet’s nurse refers to an earthquake that occurred 11 years ago which could have been a reference to the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, which would date that particular moment in the story to 1591. google_ad_slot = "6416241264"; 410, Romeo and Juliet: J.B. Lippincott London & Philadelphia, 1871), An earlier destructive quake, of 1382, is also well recorded in southern England and Flanders. Did you know... that the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580 raised tsunamis in the English Channel, flooding Calais and Boulogne? 1580 Dover Straits earthquake; Advertizing All translations of Dover_Straits_earthquake_of_1580. It was widely felt, with some damage being recorded up to 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the epicenter in both Mexico and the United States. Contemporary accounts describe a relative short quake that damaged church steeples and chimneys, and caused the bells at Westminster to ring. The geological evidence suggests that post-Quaternary movement has taken place possibly along a fault of Variscan trend in the area of the Dover Straits, the epicentral area of the 1580 quake, and the two phenomena are probably related. google_ad_client = "pub-2707004110972434"; It measures the effects of an earthquake at a given location, distinguished from the earthquake's inherent force or strength as measured by seismic magnitude scales. ESTIMATION OF FOCAL DEPTH AND MAGNITUDE Before the intensity--attenuation relationship with distance can be ex- ploited for the 1580-earthquake it is … Its epicenter was located between Quillagua and Tocopilla, affecting the Tarapacá and the Antofagasta regions in northern Chile. It occurred at around 6 o'clock in the evening. google_ad_height = 600; Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002. Homepage. June – England signs a commercial treaty with the Ottoman Empire. Set forth in verse and prose, by Thomas Churchyard, gentleman. Marine effects, the regions affected by the aftershocks and the spatial distribution of intensities show that the epicentre probably lay offshore in the Straits of Dover. The 2020 Sparta earthquake was a relatively uncommon intraplate earthquake that occurred near the small town of Sparta, North Carolina, on August 9, 2020 at 8:07 am local time. 06/04/1580: ORIGIN TIME: 18:00:00 UTC: LOCATION: 51.060 1.600: DEPTH: 22.0 km: MAGNITUDE: 5.8 ML: LOCALITY: DOVER STRAITS: Maps. WHEBN0023089113 Therefore, PGA is often split into the horizontal and vertical components. Manta's central commercial shopping district, Tarqui, was completely destroyed. /* 160x600, created 12/31/07 */ Around 20 past 9 in the morning on April 22, 1884, Colchester was hit by a major quake. that part of seismology dealing with noninstrumental data. Dover Straits earthquake (1580) Main article: 1580 Dover Straits earthquake. The earthquake is well recorded in contemporary documents,[3] including the "earthquake letter" from Gabriel Harvey to Edmund Spenser, mocking popular and academic methods of accounting for the tremors. The shock originated at 15:40:41 local time south of Guadalupe Victoria, Baja California, Mexico. The 2007 Tocopilla earthquake occurred on November 14 at 12:40:50 local time. The Dover Straits earthquake of 1580 English writer Thomas Churchyard, then aged 60, was in London when the quake struck and he drafted an immediate account which was published two days later, notwithstanding that it was Good Friday. //-->, This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. Hitting 6.1 on the Richter scale, this is the largest magnitude earthquake to have struck the UK. The maximum intensity was assigned as an inferred 9 using both the MSK scale and the Modified Mercalli Scale (Brazee version), the two scales found to be preferable. And a praier for the appeasing of Gods wrath and indignation. [5][6] Mancall notes that Churchyard's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing. been exacerbated by local site conditions. //-->. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. Article Id: Published by Henry Denham on 27 June 1580, Fleming's pamphlet was titled: A Bright Burning Beacon, forewarning all wise Virgins to trim their lampes against the coming of the Bridegroome. March – Thomas Legge's Richardus Tertius, the first known history play performed in England, is acted at St John's College, Cambridge. [4] Peasants in the fields reported a low rumble and saw the ground roll in waves. Published by Henry Denham on 27 June 1580, Fleming's pamphlet was titled: A Bright Burning Beacon, forewarning all wise Virgins to trim their lampes against the coming of the Bridegroome. Click here to discover what our members get... Upcoming Events. The barycentre of the isoseismals with intensities IV to VII lies in the Boulonnais, 10 km east of Desvres, the barycentre of the VII isoseismal lies about 1 km northeast of Ardres, and the barycentre of the only pleistoseismal zone lies in the English Channel.[2]. The British Geological Survey estimates the magnitude to be 5.7–5.8  ML . On the English coast, sections of wall fell in Dover and a landslip opened a raw new piece of the White Cliffs. The epicenter, in Louisa County, was 38 mi (61 km) northwest of Richmond and 5 mi (8 km) south-southwest of the town of Mineral. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Several aftershocks, ranging up to 4.5 Mw in magnitude, occurred after the main tremor. There was the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, and a violent shock across north Essex in 1692. Newly translated and collected by Abraham Fleming. There was the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, and a violent shock across north Essex in 1692. Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives Friday, 26 April 2002, and following messages, which, taken together, compile references used to write this article. Peasants in the fields reported a low rumble and saw the ground roll in waves. Indeed, many Puritans blamed the emerging theatre scene of the time in London, which was seen as the work of the Devil, as a cause of the quake. 1580 Dover Straits earthquake of 1580: 1607 Bristol Channel floods, 1607: 20 January 1607 (possible tsunami) 1607 Flooding Lynmouth flooding, Devon: 1623-24 Famine England 1638 The Great Thunderstorm: Widecombe-in-the-Moor, Devon 1651-53 Famine At Beauvais, the bells rang as though sounding the tocsin. ", The English public was so eager to read about the quake that a few months later, Abraham Fleming was able to publish a collection of reports of the Easter Earthquake, including those written by Thomas Churchyard, Richard Tarlton (described as the writing clown of Shakespeare's day), Francis Schackleton, Arthur Golding, Thomas Twine, John Philippes, Robert Gittins, and John Grafton, as well as Fleming's own account. Sign in to disable ALL ads. There was a landslip at the White Cliffs of Dover and buildings were damaged in Lille and Ghent. They form an important part of the macroseismic approach, i.e. June 25 – The Book of Concord, a collection of Lutheran confessional documents, is published. The modified Mercalli intensity scale, developed from Giuseppe Mercalli's Mercalli intensity scale of 1902, is a seismic intensity scale used for measuring the intensity of shaking produced by an earthquake. ; 12th July » The Ostrog Bible, one of the early printed Bibles in a Slavic languages known as Slavic language, is published. 198 years earlier there was a very similar event, the magnitude 5.8–6.0 1382 Dover Straits earthquake, with an estimated epicentre not far from that estimated for the 1580 event. A study undertaken during the design of the Channel Tunnel estimated the magnitude of the 1580 quake at 5.3–5.9ML and its focal depth at 20–30 km, in the lower crust. Earthquake in the Straits of Dover 1580 On April 6th 1580 there occurred an earthquake beneath the Straits of Dover that was one of the most severe recorded in the region. On May 15, 2020 at 4:03:27 local time, a magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck ~35 miles (56 km) west of Tonopah, Nevada near the California-Nevada border. A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. It was the state's strongest earthquake since the 1992 St. George earthquake, the first major earthquake to occur within the Salt Lake Valley since the city was founded, and the first earthquake of similar magnitude to occur near Salt Lake City since 1962, when a magnitude 5.0 earthquake struck a similar location in Magna. 15th June » Philip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw. The 1580-earthquake appears to have had a larger felt area and a higher Io value than the Belgian earthquake of 1938, June 11, which had an instrumental magnitude of M = 5.8 (K~rnik 1969). The seismicity of the British Isles to 1600. It was the second strongest tremor in the county since 1580 when a 5.8 quake was recorded in the Dover Straits. A record of the entry may be seen at Wikipedia:Recent additions/2006/June. May – The Lipizzan stud is established by Charles II, Archduke of Austria. The very large thrust earthquake was centered approximately 27 km (17 mi) from the towns of Muisne and Pedernales in a sparsely populated part of the country, and 170 km (110 mi) from the capital Quito, where it was felt strongly. ; 6 July – new building banned within three miles of the City of London. [12]. [8] [9] Mancall notes that Churchyard's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing. In Flanders chimneys fell and cracks opened in the walls of Ghent and Oudenarde. The epicentre of the quake was in the Dover Straits 86 miles from London, originating 10-20 miles underground. The English public was so eager to read about the quake that a few months later, Abraham Fleming was able to publish a collection of reports of the Easter Earthquake, including those written by Thomas Churchyard, Richard Tarlton (described as the writing clown of Shakespeare’s day), Francis Schackleton, Arthur Golding, Thomas Twine, John Philippes, Robert Gittins, and John Grafton, as well as Fleming’s own account. AHEAD European Archive of Historical EArthquake Data European Archive of Historical EArthquake Data. It was the second strongest tremor in the county since 1580 when a 5.8 quake was recorded in the Dover Straits. The earthquake was felt from Santiago, 1,245 km south from the epicenter, to La Paz, about 700 km north-northeast. Burton. Conteining A generall doctrine of sundrie signes and wonders, specially Earthquakes both particular and generall: A discourse of the end of this world: A commemoration of our late Earthquake, the 6 of April, about 6 of the clocke in the evening 1580. Username or Email: Password: signup now | forgot password? Interest in earthquakes, and publications on the subject, tended to be linked to the occurrence of particular events. The 1580 earthquake was a magnitude of 5.5 to 6 on the Richter Scale and caused “extensive damage in London”, even though its epicentre was in the Dover Straits… There were aftershocks. The British Geological Survey estimates the magnitude to be 5.7–5.8 ML. The Channel Tunnel study proposed three possible locations, two south of Calais and one offshore. Coordinates: 50°54′N 2°00′E / 50.9°N 2°E / 50.9; 2, Germany, Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, Julian calendar, Book of Concord, 1524, Millennium, Elizabeth I of England, Natural disaster, British Isles, Disease, England, Scotland,